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Possible side effects
Chronic lymphocytic leaukaemia, lymphoma, ca. ovary
Low blood cell count
lymphomas, leukaemias, sarcoma, ca. breast, ovary, uterus, prostate.
low blood count, nausea, hair loss, bladder irritation.
multiple myeloma, ca. ovary, ca. breast (surgical adjuvant)
low blood cell count
ca. testis, ovary, prostate, bladder, cervix, head and neck cancers.
nausea, hair loss, ear and kidney damage.
Type of drugAlkylating agents - drugs that damage the genetic material (DNA) fo cells. Often used in combination with other drugs.
acute leukaemia, lymphoma.
low blood cell count, nausea.
effective in a wide range of cancers.
low blood cell count, diarrhoea.
low blood count, mouth ulcers.
Type of drugAnti metabolites - drugs that interfere with the growth of cells.
acute myelocytic leukaemia, ca. testis, small cell ca. lung.
low white cell count, nausea, hair loss.
lymphomas, ca. testis, breast, neurobalstoma (childhood).
low white cell count, nausea, constipation.
acute lymphocytic leukaemia, lymphoma, ca. breast, lung.
constipation, numbness and weakness of the limbs.
Type of drug Plant alkaloids - drugs that interfere with cell division.
Hodgkins Lymphoma, ca. testis, cervix, penis.
allergic reactions, fever, lung damage.
Wilm's tumour (childhood), sarcoma, ca. testis.
low blood cell count, nausea, hair loss, sore mouth.
low blood cell count, nausea, hair loss, heart damage.
Type of drug Antibiotics that kill cancer cells. These drugs are often used in combination with other drugs.
anti-oestrogens (eg. Tamoxifen)
brings on menopause in pre-menopausal women.
anti-progesterone (eg. Provera)
ca. breast, uterus, kidney.
mild fluid retention.
ca. prostate, breast.
nausea, fluid retention, swelling of breasts.
Type of drugHormones that can affect the rate of growth of responsive cancer cells.